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Political Context

At the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, concluded 1975 in Helsinki, European States recognized the increasing threat and international nature of air pollution

The participating states affirmed the aim to cooperate more closely in the fields of research and development, and the implementation of pollution control strategies, when they adopted the Final Act. The Signatory Parties adopted in 1979 the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention. The LRTAP Convention came into force in 1983.

The goal of the Convention is to control air pollution and its effects and to develop an extensive programme for the monitoring and evaluation the long-range transport of air pollutants. The Convention calls for the exchange of information and the coordination of research activities in order to develop control strategies to combat air pollution. It specifies, besides others, the need to initiate and cooperate research and development of monitoring and measuring air pollutants. It also calls for improving models for a better understanding of the transmission of air pollutants, and the effects of sulphur compounds and other major air pollutants on human health and the environment. Since 1984, eight protocols for controlling sulphur, nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, heavy metals, persistent organic pollutants and abating acidification, eutrophication and ground-level ozone have been adopted under the Convention.

The ICP Modelling & Mapping particularly fulfils the requirements from Article 7(d) and 8(f) of the Convention. Article 7(d) of the Convention states that research should be conducted into the effects of sulphur compounds, and other major air pollutants, on the environment, including agriculture, forestry, natural vegetation, aquatic ecosystems and materials. Article 7 further emphasizes the development of dose-response relationships designed to protect the environment. Article 8(f) calls for exchanging available physico-chemical and biological data relating to the effects of long-range transboundary air pollution and the extent of the damage that can be attributed to long-range transboundary air pollution

last update 27-3-2013

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